Alexander Palace was built by the decree of Catherine II in 1792-1796 for the wedding of her grandson, Grand Duke Alexander Pavlovich (the future Emperor Alexander I) and the Grand Princess Elizaveta, who entered the palace in 1796. The primary project of the Alexander Palace belonged to architect G. Quarenghi, but the next years many other well-known architects participated in rebuilding and decoration of the palace - L. Ruska, K. Macaire, S. Cherfolio, A. Tone, V. Stasov, D. Efimov, A. Stakenschneider, A. Vidov, S. Danini, R. Meltzer.
Alexander Palace is an elongated two-storey building with annexes on the sides; in the center of the main northern facade two rows of columns compose through Corinthian colonnade. From the regular part of the Alexander Park the facade of the building is made as semi-rotunda topped with the spherical dome.
The important events in the political life of the country were held in the palace. The last 13 years of the reign of Emperor Nicholas II went by here. In the morning August 1, 1917 the Royal family was exiled to Tobolsk right from the Alexander Palace. At the beginning of the XX century in the Alexander Palace almost all the important events related to the Russian public life occured: receptions of ambassadors and foreign dignitaries, anniversaries celebrations - the 300th anniversary of the Romanov dynasty and the 200th anniversary of Tsarskoye Selo.