All the tourists come to the “Northern capital” for the first time should visit Nevsky Prospect to feel all the greatness of the city, all its beauty.
“Central Petersburg” route is an informative walk along the main historical, cultural and architectural thoroughfare of Saint-Petersburg. All the famous sights are located exactly nearby Nevsky Prospect.
This walking excursion will be perfect for active and curious travelers. For those who do not like to familiarize with unknown city through the bus window. For those who love to walk along the antique roadway and come into adjoining old buildings and parks. Who takes pictures of the monuments and different things to take home the most vivid and interesting memories about the city.
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|m Admiralteyskaya, Nevskiy Prospekt, Gostiny Dvor|
The Admiralty takes one of the most important places in the military history of the city and country because it is the birthplace of the Russian Navy. It is the complex of buildings where the Main Admiralty of Russian Empire used to be situated. Nowadays it is a monument of the naval history.
The Admiralty was built in 1704-1706 by the design of architect I. Korobov. The building is decorated with different sculptures, which images are connected with the marine legends and myths. Many famous sculptors took part in the designing process of the sculptures: S. Pimenov, V. Demut-Malinovskiy, A. Anisimov, F. Shedrin, I. Terebenev and others. Reliefs, which depict the Greek goddess of justice Themis awarding warriors and craftsmen, are located in the pediments of the side porticos. The central arch is adorned with the statues of nymphs, who stand on the high pedestals and carry the globes. Above the arch there are soaring Glories and allegorical bas-relief "Establishment of fleet in Russia". In the corners of the first tier there are figures of antique heroes: Alexander of Macedon, Achilles, Ajax and Pyrrhus. Above the colonnade there are 28 sculptural allegories: fire, water, earth, air, four seasons, four cardinal directions, muse of astronomy - Urania and patroness of sailors - goddess Isis. This sculptural groups form the image of Russia as naval world power.
The famous ship on the spire of the Admiralty is one of the main symbols of Saint-Petersburg. The first ship was set up in 1711 during the reconstruction of the building. Under the ship the gilded ball, below which there was round moneybox from pure gold, was established. In this moneybox all the examples of gold coins, which were made in Saint-Petersburg since its foundation, were placed. This ball was never opened due to the irretrievable lost of the secret of its opening. The first ship occupied its place till 1815, when it was substituted for the new one, and the riginal ship was mysteriously lost. The second ship was replaced in 1886 by the exact copy as a result of the reconstruction works.
There is a supposition that the first Russian military ship-frigate "Oryol", which was built in 1667-1669, became the prototype of the Admiralty ship. There are several legends, according to one of which three flags on the ship's masts are made of pure gold, and in the ship's bows there is the personal surveying compass of Peter I. Also there is an assumption that the Admiralty ship has the same image as the first ship, which enter the just built port of Saint-Petersburg.
Nowadays the headquaters of the Main Navy Staff is situated in the Admiralty.
The Church of the Savior on Spilled Blood is the prominent architectural monument, the biggest Orthodox church of the city, which was erected on the place of death of the emperor. One of the biggest collections of mosaic decoration in Europe. The church has a museum status.
Shopping center "Stockmann" is a modern shopping complex, which was opened in the heart of St. Petersburg in 2010.
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|m Gostiny Dvor, Nevskiy Prospekt|
Anichkov Palace is the architectural monument, which was built in 1741-1753 by the decree of the Empress Elizabeth. The Palace was named after Anichkov Bridge, which is located near the palace. The bridge got its name thanks to lieutenant colonel and engineer Mikhail Anichkov. Originally the palace was constructed by architect M. Zemtsov but the finishing works were made by architect F.-B. Rastrelli.
Mikhailovsky Palace is an architectural monument, which was built in 1819-1825 by architect C. Rossi in classicism style.
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|m Nevskiy Prospekt, Gostiny Dvor|
You can walk along the square right in the heart of the city and enjoy the architectural monuments, which contains the great ensemble of the square.